[Development] changing Q_GADGET
olivier at woboq.com
Fri Nov 28 12:41:47 CET 2014
On Friday 28 November 2014 12:19:45 Simon Hausmann wrote:
> Monsieur Goffart did awesome work in the dev branch on allowing structures
> with Q_GADGET to have properties and invokable methods. This brings the
> macro to a much wider audience and I'd like to use this opportunity to
> propose a slight change to it that may be controversial:
> The macros Q_OBJECT and Q_GADGET both - towards the end of their definition
> - change the member access permission level to "private". It's always been
> that way.
> I'd like to propose changing Q_GADGET to not change the access permission
> level, so that you can write
> struct MyStructure
> Q_PROPERTY(int x MEMBER x)
> int x;
> I feel that Q_GADGET has its primary use with structures and the default
> access level for those is public. I find it awkward that you currently have
> to write:
> structure MyStructure
> Q_PROPERTY(int x MEMBER X)
> int x;
> The proposed change would have two effects:
> 1) It makes any existing code that _relies_ on Q_GADGET turning to private
> suddenly expose members in structures.
> 2) On paper it breaks binary compatibility with MSVC, in the unlikely event
> that somebody
> a) produces a DLL and cares about binary compatibility
> b) exposes bare structures
> c) relies on Q_GADGET turning access permission levels to private
> I feel that the effects are negligible compared to the benefit of a better
> What do you think?
I have several times been bitten by the same problem when i used Q_OBJECT in a
But when I weight the pro and the cons, i'm not sure if it's a good idea.
+ Save one line when declaring a Q_GADGET in a struct
- The change may change some member (data or function) from private to public
- Is inconsistent with Q_OBJECT (and both are usually used in class)
- Something that is incorrectly set as private will result in compilation
errors that will be easily spotted and fixed. Something inadvertently left
public will stay unnoticed until it's too late to change it.
Notice that in our code we recommend to always use class and almost never
struct. All the Q_GADGET today are class.
An alternative to save that line might also be to put the Q_GADGET macro at
the end of the struct.
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