[Development] Proposing to officially allow C++20 types in Qt 6 ABIs
marc.mutz at qt.io
Thu Jan 27 12:38:05 CET 2022
C++20 brings several new library features that would be great to use in the Qt API, foremost among them are coroutines and std::span.
Yet, both of these are, in a sense, type-erasure techniques, and therefore most useful across ABI boundaries.
Traditionally, Qt has defined a set of minimum supported C++ compilers and whatever their lowest common denominator was, that's what could be used in the Qt ABI, everything else, let's call it conditionally-supported, could only be used in inline API.
It is worth noting that on MSVC, inline API in exported classes already forms part of the ABI, and no-one seems to have cared.
I would therefore like to propose to soften our ABI guidelines such that we can officially use said conditionally-supported types also in the ABI. This would allow to create non-inline APIs that use std::span and coroutines without having to wait for all compilers to support them.
This is not such a big step: We already have that, de facto, in MSVC. The only difference would be that a C++20 project would require a C++20(or later)-build of Qt. The error upon failure to comply would be unspectacular: linker not finding a symbol in the Qt library.
Seeing as we have allowed C++latest types in our ABI de-facto in the past, I think it's time to allow it de-jure, too.
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